Arab Country Profiles

Algeria

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  • Country name : People’s Democratic Republic of Algeria
  • Capital : Algiers
  • Area : 2,381,741 km²
  • Population : 38,813,722 (July 2014)
  • Population growth rate : 1.88% (2014)
  • Life expectancy at birth : 76.39 years
  • Age structure : 0-14 years : 28.4% - 15-64 years : 66.4% - 65 years and over : 5.2%
  • Urbanisation : 70.1% (2014)
  • Labour force : 12.19 million (2014)
  • Gross Domestic Product : $227 billion (2014)
  • GDP – real growth rate : 4% (2014)
  • GDP – composition by sector : agriculture : 8.6% - industry : 48.3% - services : 43.1%
  • GDP – per capita : $14,300 (2014)
  • Natural resources : petroleum, natural gas, iron ore, phosphate, uranium, lead, zinc
  • Industries : petroleum, natural gas, light industries, mining, petrochemical products, food processing
  • Industrial production growth rate : 2.8% (2014)
  • Land use : arable land : 3.1% - permanent crops : 0.4% - other : 96.5% (2014)
  • Agricultural products : wheat, barley, oats, grapes, citrus, olives, fruits, sheep, cattle
  • Exports in general : $62.1 billion (2014).
  • Exports to Belgium : $1.66 billion (2014)
  • Exports – commodities : petroleum, natural gas and petroleum products (97%)
  • Exports – partners : US (16.1%), Spain (13.9), Canada (10.4), Netherlands (8.4), France (8) (2013)
  • Imports in general : $55.6 billion (2014)
  • Imports from Belgium: $1.25 billion (2014)
  • Imports – commodities : capital goods, foodstuffs, consumer goods
  • Imports – partners : France (15%), China (10), Italy (9.9), Spain (7.3), Germany (5.4) (2013)
  • Current account balance : $-2.7 billion (2014)
  • Budget : revenues : $79.53 billion - expenditures : $89.21 billion (2014)
  • Reserves of foreign exchange & gold : $193.6 billion (31 December 2014)

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