Arab Country Profiles

Bahrain

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  • Country name : Kingdom of Bahrain
  • Capital : Manama
  • Area : 765.3 km²
  • Population : 1,552,873 (2018)
  • Population growth rate : 4.73% (2017)
  • Life expectancy at birth : 79 years old (2017)
  • Age structure : 0-14 years : 19.08% - 15-64 years : 77.97% - 65 years and over : 2.95%
  • Urbanisation : 88.84% (2016)
  • Labour force : 763 112 (2018)
  • Gross Domestic Product : $34.31 billion (2017)
  • GDP – real growth rate : 2.5% (2017)
  • GDP – composition by sector : agriculture :0.3% - industry : 38.2% - services : 61.5%
  • GDP – per capita : $51,956 (2017)
  • Natural resources : oil, gas, fish, pearls
  • Industries : petroleum processing and refining, aluminium, iron pelletisation, fertilisers, banking and insurance, ship repair, tourism
  • Industrial production growth rate : 1.6% (2016)
  • Land use : arable land : 2.1% - permanent crops : 3.9% - other : 94%
  • Agricultural products : fruit, vegetables, poultry, dairy products, shrimp, fish
  • Exports in general: $14.33 billion (2017)
  • Exports to Belgium: $129.233 million (2017)
  • Exports – commodities : petroleum and petroleum products, aluminium, textiles
  • Exports – partners : Saudi Arabia (18.3%), UAE (17.5), USA (11.1), Japan (8.7), Qatar (4.8) (2016)
  • Imports in general : $13.96 billion (2017)
  • Imports from Belgium : $83.7 million (2017)
  • Imports – commodities : crude oil, machinery, chemicals
  • Imports – partners : China (9.7), US (8.6), UAE (7.4), Japan (6.1), Saudi Arabia (5.5%),  France (4.7) (2016)
  • Current account balance : -$1.492 million (2016)
  • Budget : revenues : $5.463 billion - expenditures : $9.281 billion (2017)
  • Reserves of foreign exchange & gold : $2.166 billion (31 December 2017)

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