Arab Country Profiles

Djibouti

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  • Country name : Republic of Djibouti
  • Capital : Djibouti
  • Area : 23,200 km²
  • Population : 968.750 (2018)
  • Population growth rate : 1.51% (2017)
  • Life expectancy at birth : 63.6 years (2017)
  • Age structure : 0-14 years : 31.14% - 15-64 years : 45.1% - 65 years and over : 3.78%
  • Urbanisation : 77.43% (2016)
  • Labour force : 307.005 (2015)
  • Gross Domestic Product : $2.082 billion (2017)
  • GDP – real growth rate : 7% (2017)
  • GDP – composition by sector : agriculture : 2.8% - industry : 21% - services : 76.1%
  • GDP – per capita : $3,600 (2017)
  • Natural resources : geothermal energy, gold, clay, granite, limestone, marble, salt, diatomite, gypsum
  • Industries : construction, agricultural processing
  • Industrial production growth rate : 8.3% (2017)
  • Land use : arable land : 0.1% - permanent crops : 0% – other : 99.9%
  • Agricultural products : fruits and vegetables, goats, sheep, camels
  • Exports in general : $72.6 million (2016)
  • Exports to Belgium : $281,280 (2017)
  • Exports – commodities : re-exports, hides and skins, coffee (in transit)
  • Exports – partners : Saudi Arabia (41%), Egypt (8.9), Yemen (10), Spain (6) (2016)
  • Imports in general : $3.7 billion (2016)
  • Imports from Belgium : $45.48 million (2017)
  • Imports – commodities : food, beverages, transport equipment, chemicals, petroleum products
  • Imports – partners : China (54%), Ethiopia (5.8), India (5.5), Saudi Arabia (3.7) (2016)
  • Current account balance : $-437 million (2017)
  • Budget : revenues : $699.8 million - expenditures : $865.4 million (2017)
  • Reserves of foreign exchange & gold : $0.41 billion (31 December 2017)

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