Arab Country Profiles

Egypt

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  • Country name : Arab Republic of Egypt
  • Capital : Cairo
  • Area : 1,001,450 km²
  • Population : 86,895,099 (2014)
  • Population growth rate : 1.84% (2014)
  • Life expectancy at birth : 73.45 years (2014)
  • Age structure : 0-14 years : 32.1% - 15-64 years : 62.9% - 65 years and over : 5%
  • Urbanisation : 43.1% (2014)
  • Labour force : 28.26 million (2014)
  • Gross Domestic Product : $285 billion (2014)
  • GDP – real growth rate : 2.2% (2014)
  • GDP – composition by sector : agriculture : 14.6% - industry : 38.9% - services : 46.5%
  • GDP – per capita : $11,100 (2014)
  • Natural resources : petroleum, natural gas, iron ore, phosphates, manganese, limestone, gypsum, talc, asbestos, lead, rare earth elements, zinc
  • Industries : textile, food processing, tourism, chemicals, pharmaceuticals, hydrocarbons, construction, cement, metals
  • Industrial production growth rate : 1.5% (2012)
  • Land use : arable land : 2.8% - permanent crops : 0.8% - other : 96.4%
  • Agricultural products : cotton, rice, corn, wheat, beans, fruits and vegetables, cattle, sheep, goats
  • Exports in general : $27.15 billion (2014)
  • Exports to Belgium : $254 million (2014)
  • Exports – commodities : crude oil and petroleum products, cotton, textiles, metal products, chemicals, processed food
  • Exports – partners : US (8.2%), India (7), Italy (6.7), Saudi Arabia (6.3), Germany (4.4), France (4.2) (2014)
  • Imports in general : $55.26 billion (2014)
  • Imports from Belgium : $1.251 billion (2014)
  • Imports – commodities : machinery and equipment, foodstuffs, chemicals, wooden products, fuels
  • Imports – partners : China (11.9), US (8), Turkey (5.3), Italy (5.1), Germany (4.6), Russia (4.4) (2014)
  • Current account balance : $-2.356.417 billion (2014)
  • Budget : revenues : $65.48 billion - expenditures : $99.14 billion (2014)
  • Reserves of foreign exchange & gold : $15.13 billion (31 December 2014)

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