Arab Country Profiles

Egypt

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  • Country name : Arab Republic of Egypt
  • Capital : Cairo
  • Area : 1,001,450 km²
  • Population : 99,034,378 (2018)
  • Population growth rate : 1.87% (2018)
  • Life expectancy at birth : 73. years old (2017)
  • Age structure : 0-14 years : 33.29% - 15-64 years : 62.49% - 65 years and over : 4.22%
  • Urbanisation : 43.22% (2016)
  • Labour force : 29.07 million (2017)
  • Gross Domestic Product : $336.3 billion (2016)
  • GDP – real growth rate : 5.3% (2017)
  • GDP – composition by sector : agriculture : 11.2% - industry : 36.3% - services : 52.5%
  • GDP – per capita : $11,850 (2016)
  • Natural resources : petroleum, natural gas, iron ore, phosphates, manganese, limestone, gypsum, talc, asbestos, lead, rare earth elements, zinc
  • Industries : textile, food processing, tourism, chemicals, pharmaceuticals, hydrocarbons, construction, cement, metals
  • Industrial production growth rate : 3.5% (2017)
  • Land use : arable land : 2.8% - permanent crops : 0.8% - other : 96.4%
  • Agricultural products : cotton, rice, corn, wheat, beans, fruits and vegetables, cattle, sheep, goats
  • Exports in general : $22.5 billion (2017)
  • Exports to Belgium : $319.237 million (2017)
  • Exports – commodities : crude oil and petroleum products, cotton, textiles, metal products, chemicals, processed food
  • Exports – partners : UAE (13%), Italy (6.6), Saudi Arabia (7.8), Turkey (6.4) UK (4.7) (2017)
  • Imports in general : $50.91 billion (2017)
  • Imports from Belgium : $1.251 billion (2017)
  • Imports – commodities : machinery and equipment, foodstuffs, chemicals, wooden products, fuels
  • Imports – partners : China (13), US (5.4), Turkey (4.3), Italy (4.6), Germany (8.8), Saudi Arabia (4.2) (2017)
  • Current account balance : $-1.750.5 billion (2017)
  • Budget : revenues : $49 billion - expenditures : $62 billion (2016)
  • Reserves of foreign exchange & gold : $34.02 billion (31 December 2017)

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