Arab Country Profiles

Iraq

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  • Country name : Republic of Iraq
  • Capital : Baghdad
  • Area : 438,317 km²
  • Population : 39,739,770 (2018)
  • Population growth rate : 2.88% (2017)
  • Life expectancy at birth : 74.9 years (2017)
  • Age structure : 0-14 years : 34.46% - 15-64 years : 57.08% - 65 years and over : 3.46%
  • Urbanisation : 69.59% (2016)
  • Labour force : 10,600,940 (2017)
  • Gross Domestic Product : $192.7 billion (2017)
  • GDP – real growth rate : -0.4% (2017)
  • GDP – composition by sector : agriculture : 4.8% - industry : 40.6% - services : 54.6%
  • GDP – per capita : $17,000 (2017)
  • Natural resources : petroleum, gas, phosphate, sulfur
  • Industries : petroleum, chemicals, textiles, leather, construction materials, food processing, fertilisers, metals
  • Industrial production growth rate : 0.8 % (2017)
  • Land use : arable land : 8.4% - permanent crops : 0.5% - other : 91.1%
  • Agricultural products : wheat, barley, rice, vegetables, dates, cotton, cattle, sheep, poultry
  • Exports in general : $56.74 billion (2017)
  • Exports to Belgium : $73.54 million (2017)
  • Exports – commodities : crude oil (84%), crude materials, food and live animals
  • Exports – partners : China (25.4), India (17.3), US (14.3%),  South Korea (12), Italy (6.5) (2016)
  • Imports in general : $36.47 billion (2017)
  • Imports from Belgium : $177.825 million (2017)
  • Imports – commodities : food, medicine, manufacturer products
  • Imports – partners : Turkey (23%), Iran (20%), China (23.5%), South Korea (5%), US (4%) (2016)
  • Current account balance : -$12.22 billion (2017)
  • Budget : revenues : $67 billion - expenditures : $85.2 billion (2017)
  • Reserves of foreign exchange & gold : $47.02 billion (31 December 2017)

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