Arab Country Profiles

Jordan

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  • Country name : Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan
  • Capital : Amman
  • Area : 89,342 km²
  • Population : 9,866,133 (2018)
  • Population growth rate : 2.61% (2017 - surge due to Syrian refugee crisis)
  • Life expectancy at birth : 74.8 years (2017)
  • Age structure : 0-14 years : 34.68% - 15-64 years : 61.87% - 65 years and over : 3.45%
  • Urbanisation : 83.91% (2016)
  • Labour force : 2.5 million (2017)
  • Gross Domestic Product : $36.65 billion (2016)
  • GDP – real growth rate : 1.8% (2018)
  • GDP – composition by sector : agriculture : 4.2% - industry : 29.6% - services : 66.2 %
  • GDP – per capita : $11,540 (2017)
  • Natural resources : phosphate, potash, shale oil
  • Industries : clothing, fertilisers, potash, phosphate mining, pharmaceuticals, petroleum refining, cement, chemicals, light manufacturing, tourism
  • Industrial production growth rate : 2.2% (2017)
  • Land use : arable land : 2% - permanent crops : 1% - other : 97%
  • Agricultural products : citrus, tomatoes, cucumbers, olives, strawberries, sheep, poultry, dairy products
  • Exports in general : $9.8 billion (2017)
  • Exports to Belgium : $57.16 million (2017)
  • Exports – commodities : clothing, fertilisers, potash, phosphates, vegetables, pharmaceuticals
  • Exports – partners : US (19%), Saudi Arabia (13), India (8.9), Iraq (7.6), Sudan (8) (2017)
  • Imports in general : $21.1 billion (2017)
  • Imports from Belgium : $243.28 million (2017)
  • Imports – commodities : crude oil, machinery, transport equipment, iron, cereals
  • Imports – partners : Saudi Arabia (14%), China (14), US (5.1), Germany (4.3), Turkey (4) (2017)
  • Current account balance : -$3.610 billion (2016)
  • Budget : revenues : $8.649 billion - expenditures : $11.22 billion (2016)
  • Reserves of foreign exchange & gold : $15.98 billion (31 December 2017)

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