Arab Country Profiles

Lebanon

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  • Country name : Republic of Lebanon
  • Capital : Beirut
  • Area : 10,400 km²
  • Population : 6,091,440 (2018)
  • Population growth rate : 1.26% (2017)
  • Life expectancy at birth : 77.8 years (2017)
  • Age structure : 0-14 years : 24.09% - 15-64 years : 69.12% - 65 years and over : 6.78%
  • Urbanisation : 87.91% (2016)
  • Labour force : 2.208 million (2017)
  • Gross Domestic Product : $47.54 (2016)
  • GDP – real growth rate : 1.8% (2016)
  • GDP – composition by sector : agriculture : 5.07% - industry : 21% - services :73.3%
  • GDP – per capita : $12,974 (2016)
  • Natural resources : limestone, iron ore, salt
  • Industries : banking, tourism, food processing, wine, jewelry, cement, textiles, mineral and chemical products, wood and furniture, oil refining
  • Industrial production growth rate : 2.1% (2017)
  • Land use : arable land : 11.9% - permanent crops : 12.3% - other : 75.8% 
  • Agricultural products : citrus, grapes, tomatoes, apples, vegetables, potatoes, olives, tobacco, sheep, goats
  • Exports in general : $2.44 billion (2017)
  • Exports to Belgium : $38.72 million (2017)
  • Exports – commodities : jewelry, base metals, chemicals, consumer goods, tobacco, fruit and vegetables, construction materials, textile, paper
  • Exports – partners : Switzerland (9.4), Saudi Arabia (16), Kuwait (8.6), Egypt (5.1), Jordan (4.3) (2017)
  • Imports in general : $16.7 billion (2017)
  • Imports from Belgium : $530.983 (2017)
  • Imports – commodities : petroleum products, cars, medicine, clothing, meat and live animals, consumer goods, paper, textile, electrical machinery and equipment, chemicals
  • Imports – partners : China (14), Italy (7.9), US (7.3%), France (6.6), Germany (5.4) (2017)
  • Current account balance : -$9.488 billion (2017)
  • Budget : revenues : $12.4 billion - expenditures : $15.8 billion (2017)
  • Reserves of foreign exchange & gold : $53.1 billion (31 December 2017)

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