Arab Country Profiles

Lebanon

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  • Country name : Republic of Lebanon
  • Capital : Beirut
  • Area : 10,400 km²
  • Population : 5,882,562 (2014)
  • Population growth rate : 9.37% (2014 - surge due to Syrian refugee crisis)
  • Life expectancy at birth : 77.22 years (2014)
  • Age structure : 0-14 years : 25.2% - 15-64 years : 68.1% - 65 years and over : 6.7%
  • Urbanisation : 87.7% (2014)
  • Labour force : 1.481 million (2007)
  • Gross Domestic Product : $47.5 (2014)
  • GDP – real growth rate : 2.3% (2014)
  • GDP – composition by sector : agriculture : 6.3% - industry : 21.1% - services :72.6%
  • GDP – per capita : $17,900 (2014)
  • Natural resources : limestone, iron ore, salt
  • Industries : banking, tourism, food processing, wine, jewelry, cement, textiles, mineral and chemical products, wood and furniture, oil refining
  • Industrial production growth rate : 4% (2014)
  • Land use : arable land : 11.9% - permanent crops : 12.3% - other : 75.8% (2011)
  • Agricultural products : citrus, grapes, tomatoes, apples, vegetables, potatoes, olives, tobacco, sheep, goats
  • Exports in general : $4.092 billion (2014)
  • Exports to Belgium : $39.5 million (2014)
  • Exports – commodities : jewelry, base metals, chemicals, consumer goods, tobacco, fruit and vegetables, construction materials, textile, paper
  • Exports – partners : South Africa (16.9%), Switzerland (10.7), UAE (8.7), Saudi Arabia (8.5), Syria (6.4) (2014)
  • Imports in general : $20.08 billion (2014)
  • Imports from Belgium : $422 (2014)
  • Imports – commodities : petroleum products, cars, medicine, clothing, meat and live animals, consumer goods, paper, textile, electrical machinery and equipment, chemicals
  • Imports – partners : US (11.2%), China (8.3), Italy (7.8), France (7.4), Germany (5.4) (2014)
  • Current account balance : -$4.402 billion (2014)
  • Budget : revenues : $10.24 billion - expenditures : $14.89 billion (2014)
  • Reserves of foreign exchange & gold : $49.43 billion (31 December 2014)

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