Arab Country Profiles

Mauritania

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  • Country name : Islamic Republic of Mauritania
  • Capital : Nouakchott
  • Area : 1,030,700 km²
  • Population : 4,517,874 (2018)
  • Population growth rate : 2.77% (2017)
  • Life expectancy at birth : 63.4 years (2017)
  • Age structure : 0-14 years : 38.56% - 15-64 years : 57.69% - 65 years and over : 3.76%
  • Urbanisation : 60.1% (2017)
  • Labour force : 1.437 million (2017)
  • Gross Domestic Product : $4.985 billion (2016)
  • GDP – real growth rate : 3.8% (2017)
  • GDP – composition by sector : agriculture : 22.5% - industry : 37.8% - services : 39.7%
  • GDP – per capita : $4.500 (2017)
  • Natural resources : iron ore, gypsum, copper, phosphate, diamonds, gold, oil, fish
  • Industries : fish processing, oil production, mining or iron ore, copper and gold
  • Industrial production growth rate : 0.7% (2017)
  • Land use : arable land : 0.4% - permanent crops : 0% - other : 99.6%
  • Agricultural products : dates, millet, sorghum, rice, cotton, cattle, sheep
  • Exports in general : $1.62 billion (2016)
  • Exports to Belgium : $4.3 million (2017)
  • Exports – commodities : iron ore, fish, fish products, gold, copper, petroleum
  • Exports – partners : China (37%), Switzerland (14), Spain (8.9), Japan (7.6) (2016)
  • Imports in general : $2.17 billion (2016)
  • Imports from Belgium : $128.294 million (2017)
  • Imports – commodities : machinery and equipment, petroleum products, capital goods, foodstuffs, consumer goods
  • Imports – partners : USA (13%), USA (12), Belgium (9.2), China (8.9), Netherlands (7.1), France (6.6) (2016)
  • Current account balance : $-709 billion (2017)
  • Budget : revenues : $1.248 billion - expenditures : $1.301 billion (2017)
  • Reserves of foreign exchange & gold : $0.85 billion (31 December 2017)

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