Arab Country Profiles

Mauritania

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  • Country name : Islamic Republic of Mauritania
  • Capital : Nouakchott
  • Area : 1,030,700 km²
  • Population : 3,516,860 (2014)
  • Population growth rate : 2.26% (2014)
  • Life expectancy at birth : 62.28 years (2014)
  • Age structure : 0-14 years : 39.5% - 15-64 years : 56.9% - 65 years and over : 3.6%
  • Urbanisation : 59.3% (2014)
  • Labour force : 1.292 million (2014)
  • Gross Domestic Product : $4.286 billion (2014)
  • GDP – real growth rate : 6.8% (2014)
  • GDP – composition by sector : agriculture : 17.1% - industry : 48.7% - services : 34.2%
  • GDP – per capita : $3,400 (2014)
  • Natural resources : iron ore, gypsum, copper, phosphate, diamonds, gold, oil, fish
  • Industries : fish processing, oil production, mining or iron ore, copper and gold
  • Industrial production growth rate : 10% (2014)
  • Land use : arable land : 0.4% - permanent crops : 0% - other : 99.6%
  • Agricultural products : dates, millet, sorghum, rice, cotton, cattle, sheep
  • Exports in general : $2.573 billion (2014)
  • Exports to Belgium : $2 million (2014)
  • Exports – commodities : iron ore, fish, fish products, gold, copper, petroleum
  • Exports – partners : China (48.6%), Italy (7.5), Japan (7), Cote d’Ivoire (6.7), France (4.7) (2014)
  • Imports in general : $3.489 billion (2014)
  • Imports from Belgium : $112 million (2014)
  • Imports – commodities : machinery and equipment, petroleum products, capital goods, foodstuffs, consumer goods
  • Imports – partners : China (12.9%), Netherlands (10.5), US (7.8), France (7.7), Brazil (5.6) (2014)
  • Current account balance : $-1.588 billion (2014)
  • Budget : revenues : $1.953 billion - expenditures : $1.999 billion (2014)
  • Reserves of foreign exchange & gold : ? (31 December 2014)

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