Arab Country Profiles

Oman

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  • Country name : Sultanate of Oman
  • Capital : Muscat
  • Area : 309,500 km²
  • Population : 4,793,616 (2018)
  • Population growth rate : 4.18% (2018)
  • Life expectancy at birth : 75.7 years (2017)
  • Age structure : 0-14 years : 30.01% - 15-64 years : 66.41% - 65 years and over : 3.49%
  • Urbanisation : 78.09% (2016)
  • Labour force : 2.5 million (2017)
  • Gross Domestic Product : $71.93 billion (2016)
  • GDP – real growth rate : 3% (2016)
  • GDP – composition by sector : agriculture : 1.7% - industry : 45.2% - services : 53%
  • GDP – per capita : $45,500 (2017)
  • Natural resources : petroleum, copper, asbestos, marble, limestone, gypsum, natural gas
  • Industries : oil production and refining, gas production, construction, cement, copper, steel, chemicals
  • Industrial production growth rate : 0.3% (2017)
  • Land use : arable land : 0.1% - permanent crops : 0.12% - other : 99.78%
  • Agricultural products : dates, limes, bananas, alfalfa, vegetables, camels, cattle, fish
  • Exports in general : $21.1 billion (2016)
  • Exports to Belgium : $14.412 million (2017)
  • Exports – commodities : petroleum, re-exports, fish, metals, textiles
  • Exports – partners : China (51%), UAE (8.7), India (4.4), USA (3.9), Iraq (3.6) (2016)
  • Imports in general : $20.6 billion (2016)
  • Imports from Belgium : $143.029 million (2017)
  • Imports – commodities : machinery, transport equipment, manufactured goods, food, livestock, lubricants
  • Imports – partners : UAE 51% India 5.4%, China 5.5%, Saudi Arabia (3.9), US 3.7% (2016)
  • Current account balance : -$10.3 billion (2017)
  • Budget : revenues : $22.68 billion - expenditures : $37.65 billion (2017)
  • Reserves of foreign exchange & gold : $32.07 billion (31 December 2017)

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