Arab Country Profiles

Oman

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  • Country name : Sultanate of Oman
  • Capital : Muscat
  • Area : 309,500 km²
  • Population : 3,219,134 (July 2014)
  • Population growth rate : 2.06% (2014)
  • Life expectancy at birth : 74.97 years (2014)
  • Age structure : 0-14 years : 30.4% - 15-64 years : 66.3% - 65 years and over : 3.3%
  • Urbanisation : 77.2% (2014)
  • Labour force : 968,800 (2007)
  • Gross Domestic Product : $80.54 billion (2014)
  • GDP – real growth rate : 3.4% (2014)
  • GDP – composition by sector : agriculture : 1.3% - industry : 55.2% - services : 43.5%
  • GDP – per capita : $44,400 (2014)
  • Natural resources : petroleum, copper, asbestos, marble, limestone, gypsum, natural gas
  • Industries : oil production and refining, gas production, construction, cement, copper, steel, chemicals
  • Industrial production growth rate : 2.7% (2014)
  • Land use : arable land : 0.1% - permanent crops : 0.12% - other : 99.78%
  • Agricultural products : dates, limes, bananas, alfalfa, vegetables, camels, cattle, fish
  • Exports in general : $58.74 billion (2014)
  • Exports to Belgium : $65 million (2014)
  • Exports – commodities : petroleum, re-exports, fish, metals, textiles
  • Exports – partners : China (31.9%), Japan (12.9), UAE (10.1), South Korea (10), Thailand (4.4) (2014)
  • Imports in general : $34.37 billion (2014)
  • Imports from Belgium : $150 million (2014)
  • Imports – commodities : machinery, transport equipment, manufactured goods, food, livestock, lubricants
  • Imports – partners : UAE 23.6%, Japan 12.6%, India 8.5%, China 6.4%, US 6.1% (2014)
  • Current account balance : $7.978 billion (2014)
  • Budget : revenues : $40.09 billion - expenditures : $37.65 billion (2014)
  • Reserves of foreign exchange & gold : $17.85 billion (31 December 2014)

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