Arab Country Profiles

Saudi Arabia

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  • Country name : Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
  • Capital : Riyadh
  • Area :‎ 2 149 690 km²
  • Population : 33,435,249 (2018)
  • Population growth rate : 2.52% (2018)
  • Life expectancy at birth : Male: 73.4 years - Female: 77.7 years (2018)
  • Age structure : 0-14 years : 26.1% - 15-64 years : 70.46% - 65 years and over : 3.44%
  • Urbanisation : 82.9% (2014)
  • Labour force : 12.34 million (2017)
  • Gross Domestic Product : $678,54 billion (2017)
  • GDP – growth rate : 1.1% (2017)
  • GDP – composition by sector : agriculture : 2% - industry : 59.7% - services : 38.3%
  • GDP – per capita : $55,477 (2017)
  • Natural resources : Petroleum, natural gas, iron ore, gold, copper
  • Industries : Crude oil production, refining and basic petrochemicals, fertilisers, cement, plastics, metals, construction
  • Industrial production growth rate : -0.3% (2017)
  • Land use : arable land : 1.5% - permanent crops : 0.1% - other : 98.4%
  • Agricultural products : wheat, barley, tomatoes, melons, dates, citrus, mutton, chicken, eggs, milk
  • Exports in general : $231.3 billion (2017)
  • Exports to Belgium : $2.661 billion (2017)
  • Exports – commodities : petroleum and petroleum products (98%)
  • Exports – partners : China (13.6), Japan (11.3),  India (10.7), US (9.8%), South Korea (9.1), Singapore (4.7) (2017)
  • Imports in general : $136.8 billion (2017)
  • Imports from Belgium : $1.792 billion (2017)
  • Imports – commodities : Machinery and equipment, foodstuffs, chemical, motor vehicles, textiles
  • Imports – partners : China 16.2%, US 15 %, India 10.3%, Germany 6.3%, , Japan 5.3 %, United Arab Emirates 5%, South Korea 5% (2016)
  • Current account balance : $4.322 billion (2017)
  • Budget : revenues : $171.6 billion - expenditures : $227.8 billion (2017)
  • Reserves of foreign exchange & gold : $535.8 billion (31 December 2016)

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