Arab Country Profiles

Saudi Arabia

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  • Country name : Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
  • Capital : Riyadh
  • Area : 1,149,690 km²
  • Population : 27,345,986 (2014)
  • Population growth rate : 1.49% (2014)
  • Life expectancy at birth : 74.82 years (2014)
  • Age structure : 0-14 years : 27.6% - 15-64 years : 69.2% - 65 years and over : 3.2%
  • Urbanisation : 82.9% (2014)
  • Labour force : 11.22 million (2014)
  • Gross Domestic Product : $777.9 billion (2012)
  • GDP – real growth rate : 3.6% (2014)
  • GDP – composition by sector : agriculture : 2% - industry : 59.7% - services : 38.3%
  • GDP – per capita : $52,800 (2014)
  • Natural resources : petroleum, natural gas, iron ore, gold, copper
  • Industries : crude oil production, refining and basic petrochemicals, fertilisers, cement, plastics, metals, construction
  • Industrial production growth rate : 3.6% (2014)
  • Land use : arable land : 1.5% - permanent crops : 0.1% - other : 98.4%
  • Agricultural products : wheat, barley, tomatoes, melons, dates, citrus, mutton, chicken, eggs, milk
  • Exports in general : $359.4 billion (2014)
  • Exports to Belgium : $1.631 billion (2014)
  • Exports – commodities : petroleum and petroleum products (98%)
  • Exports – partners : US (14.3%), China (13.7), Japan (13.7), South Korea (9.9), India (8.2) (2014)
  • Imports in general : $162.2 billion (2014)
  • Imports from Belgium : $1.73 billion (2014)
  • Imports – commodities : machinery and equipment, foodstuffs, chemical, motor vehicles, textiles
  • Imports – partners : China 13.5%, US 13.2%, South Korea 6.7%, Germany 6.5%, India 6.3%, Japan 6% (2014)
  • Current account balance : $108.7 billion (2014)
  • Budget : revenues : $278.9 billion - expenditures : $239.3 billion (2014)
  • Reserves of foreign exchange & gold : $756.1 billion (31 December 2014)

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