Arab Country Profiles

Somalia

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  • Country name : Somalia
  • Capital : Mogadishu
  • Area : 637,657 km²
  • Population : 10,428,040 (2014)
  • Population growth rate : 1.75% (2014)
  • Life expectancy at birth : 51.58 years (2014)
  • Age structure : 0-14 years : 44% - 15-64 years : 53.7% - 65 years and over : 2.3%
  • Urbanisation : 39.1% (2014)
  • Labour force : 3.011 million (2012)
  • Gross Domestic Product : $2.372 billion (2010)
  • GDP – real growth rate : 2.6% (2010)
  • GDP – composition by sector : agriculture : 50.9% - industry : 7.2% - services : 41.9%
  • GDP – per capita : $600 (2010)
  • Natural resources : uranium, iron ore, tin, gypsum, bauxite, copper, salt, natural gas, oil
  • Industries : light industry including sugar refining and textiles
  • Industrial production growth rate : NA
  • Land use : arable land : 1.8% - permanent crops : 0% - other : 98.2%
  • Agricultural products : bananas, sorghum, corn, coconut, rice, sugar cane, mangoes, sesame seeds, cattle, sheep, goats, fish
  • Exports in general : $515.8 million (2012)
  • Exports to Belgium : $1100 (2014)
  • Exports – commodities : livestock, bananas, hides, fish, charcoal, scrap metal
  • Exports – partners : UAE (50.8%), Yemen (19), Oman (12.8) (2013)
  • Imports in general : $1.263 billion (2010)
  • Imports from Belgium : $1.1 million (2014)
  • Imports – commodities : manufactured goods, petroleum products, foodstuffs, construction materials, qat
  • Imports – partners : Djibouti (27.4%), India (12), Pakistan (6.5), China (6.1), Egypt (5) (2013)
  • Current account balance : NA
  • Budget : NA

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