Arab Country Profiles

Sudan

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  • Country name : Republic of the Sudan
  • Capital : Khartoum
  • Area : 1,861,484 km²
  • Population : 41,330,569 (2018)
  • Population growth rate : 2.41% (2017)
  • Life expectancy at birth : 64.4 years (2017)
  • Age structure : 0-14 years : 38.68% - 15-64 years : 58.05% - 65 years and over : 3.27%
  • Urbanisation : 34.01% (2016)
  • Labour force : 11.214 million (2016)
  • Gross Domestic Product : $95.58 billion (2016)
  • GDP – real growth rate : 3.7% (2017)
  • GDP – composition by sector : agriculture : 39.6% - industry : 2.6% - services : 57.8%
  • GDP – per capita : $4,600 (2017)
  • Natural resources : petroleum, iron ore, copper, chromium, zinc, tungsten, mica, silver, gold
  • Industries : oil cotton ginning, textile, cement, edible oil, sugar, soap distilling, shoes, petroleum refining, pharmaceuticals, automobile assembly
  • Industrial production growth rate : 2.5% (2017)
  • Land use : arable land: 15.7% - permanent crops: 0.2% - other: 84.1% 
  • Agricultural products : cotton, groundnuts, sorghum, millet, wheat, gum Arabic, sugarcane, cassava, mangos, papayas, bananas, sweet potatoes, sesame, sheep, livestock
  • Exports in general : $5.7 billion (2016)
  • Exports to Belgium : $11.179 million (2017)
  • Exports – commodities : oil and petroleum products, cotton, sesame, livestock, groundnuts, gum Arabic, sugar
  • Imports in general : $10.5 billion (2016)
  • Imports from Belgium : $90.131 million (2017)
  • Imports – commodities : foodstuffs, manufactured goods, refining and transport equipment, medicines, chemicals, textile, wheat
  • Current account balance : -$2.317 billion (2017)
  • Budget : revenues : $8.198 billion - expenditures : $13.4 billion (2017)
  • Reserves of foreign exchange & gold : $504.9 million (31 December 2017)

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