Arab Country Profiles

Syria

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  • Country name : Syrian Arab Republic
  • Capital : Damascus
  • Area : 185,180 km²
  • Population : 17,951,636 (2014)
  • Population growth rate : -9.37% (2014)
  • Life expectancy at birth : 68.41 years (2014)
  • Age structure : 0-14 years : 33.1% - 15-64 years : 63% - 65 years and over : 3.9%
  • Urbanisation : 57.3% (2014)
  • Labour force : 4.022 million (2014)
  • Gross Domestic Product : $64.7 billion (2014)
  • GDP – real growth rate : NA (2014)
  • GDP – composition by sector : agriculture : 16.4% - industry : 22.7% - services : 60.9%
  • GDP – per capita : $5,100 (2011)
  • Natural resources : petroleum, phosphates, chrome, asphalt, iron ore, rock salt, marble, gypsum
  • Industries : petroleum, textiles, food processing, beverages, tobacco, phosphate rock mining, cement, oil seed, car assembly
  • Industrial production growth rate : 1% (2014)
  • Land use : arable land : 24.9% - permanent crops : 5.69% - other : 69.41%
  • Agricultural products : wheat, barley, cotton, lentils, chickpeas, olives, sugar beet, beef, mutton, eggs, poultry, milk
  • Exports in general : $2.031 billion (2014)
  • Exports to Belgium : $2.1 million (2014)
  • Exports – commodities : crude oil, minerals, petroleum products, fruits and vegetables, cotton fibre, textiles, clothing, meat and live animals, wheat
  • Exports – partners : Iraq (55.9%), Saudi Arabia (9.3), Kuwait (6.1), UAE (5.3), Lebanon (4.2) (2013)
  • Imports in general : $7.675 billion (2014)
  • Imports from Belgium : $47 million (2014)
  • Imports – commodities : machinery and transport equipment, electric power machinery, food and livestock, metal and metal products, chemical products, plastics, yarn, paper
  • Imports – partners : Saudi Arabia (21.2%), UAE (10.4), Iran (7.7), China (7), Iraq (6.3), (2014)
  • Current account balance : -$4.575 billion (2014)
  • Budget : revenues : $1.73 billion - expenditures : $5.5 billion (2014)
  • Reserves of foreign exchange & gold : $1.725 billion (31 December 2014)

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