Arab Country Profiles

Tunisia

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  • Country name : Tunisian Republic
  • Capital : Tunis
  • Area : 163,610 km²
  • Population : 11,635,469 (2018)
  • Population growth rate : 1.1% (2017)
  • Life expectancy at birth : 75.7 years (2017)
  • Age structure : 0-14 years : 25.15% - 15-64 years : 66.91% - 65 years and over : 7.95%
  • Urbanisation : 67.05% (2017)
  • Labour force : 4.14 million (2016)
  • Gross Domestic Product : $42.1 billion (2016)
  • GDP – real growth rate : 2% (2017)
  • GDP – composition by sector : agriculture : 10% - industry : 25.9% - services : 63.5%
  • GDP – per capita : $4265.4 (2016)
  • Natural resources : petroleum, phosphates, iron ore, lead, zinc, salt
  • Industries : petroleum, mining (iron ore, phosphates), tourism, textiles, footwear, agribusiness
  • Industrial production growth rate : 0.5% (2017)
  • Land use : arable land : 18.3% - permanent crops : 15.4% - other : 66.3%
  • Agricultural products : olives, grain, tomatoes, citrus fruit, sugar beet, dates, almonds, beef, dairy products
  • Exports in general : $12.9 billion (2016)
  • Exports to Belgium : $237.4 million (2017)
  • Exports – commodities : clothing and textiles, semi-finished goods, agricultural products, mechanical goods, phosphates, chemicals, electrical equipment
  • Exports – partners : France (34%), Italy (18), Germany (11), Algeria (5.1), Libya (3.4) (2017)
  • Imports in general : $18.8 billion (2016)
  • Imports from Belgium : $364.9 million (2017)
  • Imports – commodities : textiles, machinery and equipment, hydrocarbons, chemicals, foodstuffs
  • Imports – partners : France (16%), Italy (15), China (9.7),Germany (8), Spain (4.4) (2017)
  • Current account balance : -$3.487 billion (2017)
  • Budget : revenues : $9.397 billion - expenditures : $11.61 billion (2017)
  • Reserves of foreign exchange & gold : $5.699 billion (31 December 2017)

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