Arab Country Profiles

Yemen

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  • Country name : Republic of Yemen
  • Capital : Sana’a
  • Area : 524,968 km²
  • Population : 26,052,966 (2014)
  • Population growth rate : 2.72% (2014)
  • Life expectancy at birth : 64.83 years (2014)
  • Age structure : 0-14 years : 41.7% - 15-64 years : 55.7% - 65 years and over : 2.6%
  • Urbanisation : 34% (2014)
  • Labour force : 7.262 million (2014)
  • Gross Domestic Product : $45.45 billion (2014)
  • GDP – real growth rate : 1.9% (2014)
  • GDP – composition by sector : agriculture : 9.2% - industry : 26.8% - services : 64%
  • GDP – per capita : $3,900 (2014)
  • Natural resources : petroleum, fish, rock salt, marble, coal, gold, lead, nickel, copper
  • Industries : petroleum production and refining, cotton textiles, leather, food processing, cement, natural gas
  • Industrial production growth rate : -1.5% (2014)
  • Land use : arable land : 2.2% - permanent crops : 0.6% - other : 97.2%
  • Agricultural products : grain, fruits, vegetables, pulses, qat, coffee, cotton, dairy products, livestock, poultry, fish
  • Exports in general : $7.041 billion (201)
  • Exports to Belgium : $2.62 million (2014)
  • Exports – commodities : crude oil, coffee, fish, liquefied natural gas
  • Exports – partners : China (37.3%), Thailand (15.8), South Korea (11.4), India (9.9), UAE (5.3) (2013)
  • Imports in general : $10.39 billion (2014)
  • Imports from Belgium : $221 million (2014)
  • Imports – commodities : food and live animals, machinery and equipment, chemicals
  • Imports – partners : China (15.7%), UAE (14.4), India (9.7), Saudi Arabia (6.8), Kuwait (5.1) (2013)
  • Current account balance : $-2.45 billion (2014)
  • Budget : revenues : $10.26 billion - expenditures : $14.34 billion (2014)
  • Reserves of foreign exchange & gold : $8.002 billion (31 December 2014)

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